Poland today is ethnically almost homogeneous (98% Polish), in contrast with the World War II period, when there were significant ethnic minorities - 4.5 million Ukrainians, 3 million Jews, 1 million Belorussians, and 800,000 Germans.
Poland borders Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic Sea, Lithuania and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave. Try Cracow to begin with, home of the Salt Mines or Pope John Paul II's city of birth.
Republic of Poland
Capital and largest city
Warsaw (1.6 million)
Warsaw, Krakow, Gdansk, Poznan, Wroclaw
304,460 sq km
GMT + 1
Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Kaliningrad, Russian exclave
Raczki Elblaskie (-1,8m)
Warsaw, Gdansk, Poznan, Wroclaw, Krakow, Lodz, Szczecin
220 volts AC, 50Hz
Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 2.7%